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Canning Green Beans
Canning green beans is not difficult. To learn how to plant, grow and harvest green beans take a look here. Green Beans are one of the easiest vegetables to grow in a garden. Before you know, you’ll have lots of green beans to harvest and then what can you do with them?
Of course, they can always be cooked immediately for dinner, but if you grow a lot of them, how can you store them for long-term? Today we’ll talk about canning green beans so they can be enjoyed all winter long. It’s much simpler than you may think.
Green beans are a low acidic food which means they do have to be pressurized. If you are not familiar with pressure canning, Laurie, at Common Sense Home has this great article Canning Questions Answered – A Great Canning Resource here.
Canning green beans can be a long process, but just know that all the effort is so much worth it.
Lets get started:
4.5 – 7.5 pounds of green beans will yield 6 approximately 6 pints or 3 quarts jars
After you have harvested your green beans, if they are not stringless, you will need to string and break them BEFORE canning. Also, you will need to wash them thoroughly. I actually, string and break mine into 2 inch pieces before I wash them. Either way will work just fine. Key is just to make sure they are washed well with plain water and all the “trash” such as leaves, bugs, etc is removed from them.
Canning Salt (note: do not use regular table salt with iodine in it)
Cooking them can be done a couple different ways. (I use the hot pack method).
Raw Pack: Fill a large stock pot with water. Bring it to a boil, reduce heat to a simmer and keep water hot.
Hot Pack: Place broken beans in a large stockpot and fill with water, covering the beans completely. Bring beans to a boil. Boil them until they are blanched – changed to a lighter green; about 20 minutes. Keep water hot and reduce heat to a simmer.
In the meantime, while water is heating, fill a large sauce pan with water and place jars and lids into pan. They need to be heated in order to allow the jars to seal properly. No need to boil, just bring water to a “hot” temperature and place jars in it. NOTE: You will need tongs to lift jars out of hot water.
Raw Pack: Using a Jar Funnel, pack raw beans tightly as possible without crushing into a Mason Jar, leaving a 1-inch head space. A great tool for measuring head space is the Bubble Remover & Head-space Tool. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt to a pint jar or 1 teaspoon salt to a quart jar. Ladle hot water over beans in the jar, leaving a 1-inch head space.
Hot Pack: Pack hot beans into a hot jar, leaving 1-inch head space. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt to a pint jar; 1 teaspoon salt to a quart jar. Ladle the hot cooking water over the beans, leaving a 1-inch head space.
Remove air bubbles with bubble popper tool. Wipe jar rim clean using a dry clean cloth. Center the hot lid on the jar and adjust band to finger-tight. Place jar on the RACK in a pressure canner containing 2 inches of simmering water. (This is the pressure canner I use) Repeat jars until canner is filled.
Place lid on canner and turn until locked. Adjust heat to a medium-high. Pressure will build in your canner. Vent steam from canner for 10 minutes BEFORE placing weighted gauge on vent; bring pressure up to 10 pounds (psi). Process raw green beans in pint jars for 20 minutes and quart jars for 25 minutes with consistent pressure at 10 pounds. (note: you will have to slowly adjust temperature to keep at a consistent 10 pounds)
Turn off heat, very gently and carefully, remove canner from hot stove and allow to cool until pressure is down to zero normally about 45 minutes. Remove weight from canner and after 5 minutes, carefully remove lid, turning it “away” from you to allow steam, if any, to release in the opposite direction. (Careful, steam will be on the inside of the lid – do not burn yourself). Let jars cool 10 minutes without lid on canner before removing them.
Using a jar lifter, remove jars from canner and place on a clean, dry towel on the counter. Do not tighten lids if they are loose! Allow jars to cool 12 hours, without disturbing them on the counter. Check seals to make sure jar is sealed. (If not sealed, place them in the refrigerator to cook immediately. If doing another run of beans, pour unsealed jar into them).
Label and store jars in a cool and dark area.
Canning green beans does take a bit of time, but well worth the effort. Being able to enjoy fresh green beans all winter long is a treat.
If you have any questions, please feel free to comment below and I will be glad to help you.
Enjoy your home canned green beans!
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